Pest Information - Ants
There are almost 9,000 species of ants and they can be found from the Arctic Circle to the Tropics. This site will focus on the ants most commonly found in Hawaii. Learn about their Appearance, Habitat, Diet, Type of Damage, and Life Cycle.
Select from the following choices:
Hawaiian Carpenter Ant
Adult Hawaiian Carpenter ants measure from 5 mm to 1.27 cm in length and are
Found primarily outdoors, the Hawaiian carpenter ant will make nests indoors in undisturbed areas such as inside storage boxes, cupboards that are seldom used, even in office equipment. The workers are nocturnal in habit, and their foraging behavior may extend to or later. If the carpenter ant has established a nest in a home, it is not unusual to see them on the walls and ceiling at night. These individuals may be the winged sexual reproductives after a swarm and/or foraging workers looking for food. Finding and eradicating the nests is important in the elimination of this pest.
These ants will feed on small insects, honeydew from aphids, and most foods found in a home, including meat and grease.
Type of Damage
Although it is primarily found outdoors, the Hawaiian carpenter ant will establish nests in wood that has previously been hollowed out by termites or inside rotting logs and tree stumps. For this reason and because of its name, it is often incriminated as a wood destroyer. Although it may do some excavation of wood, it does not consume wood like termites and does little to no damage to wooden structures. Species of carpenter ants in the
The elongated, whitish eggs hatch in about 20 days. The queen feeds the larvae a fluid secreted from her mouth. This nourishment is derived from her stored fat bodies. The larvae grow for about 28 days before spinning cocoons around themselves and pupating. The pupal stage lasts about 22 days. It is this stage that is often mistaken for eggs. The small workers chew their way out of the cocoons and begin to assist the queen.
A total of 44 ant species have been recorded in Hawaii, none of them native. They have been brought to the islands by people.